Falkland Islands

falkland island

The Falkland Islands (/ˈfɔːlklənd/; Spaingie: Islas Malvinas [malˈβinas]) are a airchipelago in the Sooth Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonie Shelf. The principal islands are aboot 300 mile (480 km) east o Sooth Americae's soothren Patagonie coast, at a latitude o aboot 52°S. The airchipelago, wi a area o 4,700 square mile (12,000 km2), comprises East Falkland, West Falkland and 776 smaller islands. As a Breetish overseas territory, the Falklands hae internal sel-govrenance, an the Unitit Kinrick taks responsibility for their defence an foreign affairs. The islands' caipital is Stanley on East Falkland.

Falkland Islands

Banner o Falkland Islands
Coat o airms o Falkland Islands
Coat o airms
Location o the Falkland Islands
Location o the Falkland Islands
StatusBreetish Owerseas Territory
51°42′S 57°51′W / 51.700°S 57.850°W / -51.700; -57.850
Lairgest lairgest dounsetcapital
Offeecial leidsInglis
Demonym(s)Falkland Islander
GovrenmentPairlamentar dependency unner a constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
• Govrenor
Colin Roberts
Keith Padgett
• UK meenister responsible
Hugo Swire MP
LegislaturLegislative Assembly
• Total
12,200 km2 (4,700 sq mi) (162nt)
• Water (%)
• 2012 estimate
2,932[1] (220t)
• Density
0.26[1]/km2 (0.7/sq mi) (241st)
GDP (PPP)2007 estimate
• Total
$164.5 million[2] (222nt)
• Per capita
$55,400[2] (10t)
Gini (2010)34.17[3]
medium · 64t
HDI (2010)0.874[4]
verra heich · 20th
CurrencyFalklands poond[b] (FKP)
Time zoneUTC−3 (FKST[c])
Drivin sideleft
Cawin code+500
ISO 3166 codeFK
Internet TLD.fk
  1. ^ "Song of the Falklands" is uised as the islands' anthem at sportin events.
  2. ^ Fixed tae the poond sterling (GBP).
  3. ^ The Falklands haes been on FKST year-roond syne September 2010.[5]


  1. a b "Falkland Islands Census 2012: Headline results" (PDF). Falkland Islands Government. 10 September 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2012.
  2. a b "Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 10 Julie 2013.
  3. Avakov 2013, p. 54.
  4. Avakov 2013, p. 47.
  5. "Falkland Islands will remain on summer time throughout 2011". MercoPress. 31 Mairch 2011. Retrieved 4 Februar 2012.
  6. Joshua Project. "Ethnic People Groups of Falkland Islands". Joshua Project. Retrieved 28 Februar 2010.

Freemit airtinsEedit

Coordinates: 51°41′S 59°10′W / 51.683°S 59.167°W / -51.683; -59.167