|c. 1.1 million|
|Regions wi signeeficant populations|
|Estonie, Võro, Seto|
Historically Protestant Christian (Lutheranism)
Currently Lutheran an Orthodox Christian minority
|Relatit ethnic groups|
|Ither Baltic Finns|
- Statistics Finland daes nae record ethnicity raither categorises the population bi their native leid; in 2016, Estonie wis spaken as a mither tongue bi 49,241 nae aw o that mey be ethnic Estonies.
- "Population by ethnic nationality". Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- "Tilastokeskus - Population". Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- "Total ancestry categories tallied for people with one or more ancestry categories reported 2013 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- "Eestlased Rootsis".
- "Canada-Estonia Relations". Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- Об итогах Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года [On the results of the All-Russian census in 2010] (in Roushie). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Archived frae the oreeginal (PPT) on 18 January 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "2054.0 Australian Census Analytic Program: Australians' Ancestries (2001 (Corrigendum))" (PDF). Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- "Pressemitteilungen - Ausländische Bevölkerung - Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis)". www.destatis.de.
- "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, 1 January 2016". Statistics Norway. Accessed 01 May 2016.
- "United Kingdom". Ethnologue. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
- "The distribution of the population by nationality and mother tongue". State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. 2001. Archived frae the oreeginal on 5 December 2008.
- "Persons usually resident and present in the State on Census Night, classified by place of birth and age group". Central Statistics Office Ireland. Archived frae the oreeginal on 6 August 2011.
- "Estemb in Belgium and Luxembourg". Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- [deid airtin]
- "Statistikbanken". www.statistikbanken.dk.
- Official CBS website containing all Dutch demographic statistics. Cbs.nl. Retrieved on 4 July 2017.
- "Dialog". rannsokn.hagstofa.is.
- Ivković, Sanja Kutnjak; Haberfeld, M.R. (10 June 2015). Measuring Police Integrity Across the World: Studies from Established Democracies and Countries in Transition (in English). Springer. p. 131. ISBN 9781493922796.
Estonia is considered Protestant when classified by its historically predominant major religion (Norris and Inglehart 2011) and thus some authors (e.g., Davie 2003) claim Estonia belongs to Western (Lutheran) Europe, while others (e.g., Norris and Inglehart 2011) see Estonia as a Protestant ex-Communist society.
Ringvee, Ringo (16 September 2011). "Is Estonia really the least religious country in the world?". The Guardian.
For this situation there are several reasons, starting from the distant past (the close connection of the churches with the Swedish or German ruling classes) up to the Soviet-period atheist policy when the chain of religious traditions was broken in most families. In Estonia, religion has never played an important role on the political or ideological battlefield. The institutional religious life was dominated by foreigners until the early 20th century. The tendencies that prevailed in the late 1930s for closer relations between the state and Lutheran church [...] ended with the Soviet occupation in 1940.