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Erik Thorvaldsson (Auld Norse: Eiríkr Þorvaldsson; 950 – c. 1003), kent as Erik the Reid (Auld Norse: Eiríkr hinn rauði)[1] wis a Norse Viking, remembered in medieval an Icelandic saga soorces as haein foondit the first Norse dounset in Greenland. The Icelandic tradeetion indicates that he wis born in the Jæren destrict o Rogaland, Norawa, as the son o Þorvald Ásvaldsson, he tharefore an aa appears, patronymically, as Erik Thorvaldsson (Eiríkr Þorvaldsson). The appellation "the Reid" maist likely refers tae his hair colour[2] an the colour o his beard.[3] Leif Erikson, the famous Icelandic explorer, wis Erik's son.

Erik the Reid
Eric the Red.png
Erik the Reid frae Arngrímur Jónsson's Gronlandia. Note anachronistic details in his wappens an airmour.
Born c. 950
Died c. 1003
Naitionality Norse
Thrift Settler, explorer
Kent for Foonded the first Norse settlement in Greenland
Releegion Norse paganism
Pairtner(s) Þjóðhildr
Childer Freydís, Leif Eiríksson, Þorvaldr an Þorsteinn


  1. Icelandic: Eiríkur rauði; Norse: Eirik Raude; Dens: Erik den Røde; Swadish: Erik Röde; Faroese: Eirikur (hin) reyði
  2. The Little Ice Age: How Climate Made History, 1300–1850, Basic Books, 2002, p. 10. ISBN 0-465-02272-3.
  3. Cooper Edens: Sea Stories: A Classic Illustrated Edition, 2007, ISBN 9780811856348, p. 53