Ephesus (/ˈɛfəsəs/;[1] Greek: Ἔφεσος Ephesos; Turkis: Efes; ultimately frae Hittite Apasa) wis an auncient Greek ceety[2][3] on the coast o Ionia, three kilometres soothwast o present-day Selçuk in İzmir Province, Turkey.

The ruif o the Librar o Celsus has collapsed, but its lairge façade is still intact.
The Librar o Celsus in Ephesus
Ephesus is locatit in Turkey
Shawn within Turkey
LocationSelçuk, İzmir Province, Turkey
Coordinates37°56′28″N 27°20′31″E / 37.94111°N 27.34194°E / 37.94111; 27.34194Coordinates: 37°56′28″N 27°20′31″E / 37.94111°N 27.34194°E / 37.94111; 27.34194
AurieWaw circuit: 415 ha (1,030 acres)
Occupied: 224 ha (550 acres)
BiggerAttic an Ionian Greek colonists
Foondit10t century BC
Abandoned15t century AD
PeriodsGreek Dark Ages tae Late Middle Ages
Site notes
Excavation dates1863–1869, 1895
AirchaeologistsJohn Turtle Wood, Otto Benndorf
WabsteidEphesus Archaeological Site
Offeecial nameEphesus
Criteriaiii, iv, vi
Designatit2015 (39t session)
Reference no.1018
RegionEurope an North Americae


  1. Olausson, Lena; Sangster, Catherine (2006). Oxford BBC Guide to Pronunciation. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-19-280710-6.
  2. Michael Gagarin (2010). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome. Oxford University Press. pp. 2–. ISBN 978-0-19-517072-6. Historical Overview A Greek city-state on the Aegean coast of Asia Minor, at the mouth of Cayster River (Küçük Menderes), Ephesus ...
  3. Carlos Ramirez-Faria (1 January 2007). Concise Encyclopeida Of World History. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. ISBN 978-81-269-0775-5.