Emperor Meiji (明治天皇, Meiji-tennō, 3 November 1852 – 30 July 1912), or Meiji the Great (明治大帝, Meiji-taitei), wis the 122nt emperor o Japan accordin tae the tradeetional order o succession, reignin frae 3 Februar 1867 till his daith. He presided ower a time o rapid chynge in Japan, as the naition rose frae feudal state tae warld pouer.

Emperor Meiji
Black and white photo of emperor Meiji of Japan.jpg
Emperor o Japan
Ring3 Februar 1867 –
30 Julie 1912
Enthronement12 September 1868
ShogunsTokugawa Yoshinobu
Prime Meenisters
3 November 1852(1852-11-03)
Kyoto, Japan
Dee'd30 Julie 1912(1912-07-30) (aged 59)
Tokyo, Japan
Buirial13 September 1912
Fushimi Momoyama no Misasagi (伏見桃山陵), Kyoto
SpouseEmpress Shōken
Amang ithers...
Emperor Taishō
Princess Tsune
Princess Kane
Princess Fumi
Princess Yasu
Full name
Mutsuhito (睦仁)
HooseImperial Hoose o Japan
MitherNakayama Yoshiko
SeegnaturEmperor Meiji 明治天皇's signature

His personal name wis Mutsuhito (睦仁), an awtho ootside o Japan he is whiles cried bi this name, in Japan deceased emperors are referred tae anly bi thair posthumous names.

At the time o his birth in 1852, Japan wis an isolated, pre-industrial, feudal kintra dominatit bi the Tokugawa Shogunate an the daimyo, who ruled ower the kintra's mair nor 250 decentralized domains. Bi the time o his daith in 1912, Japan haed unnergone a poleetical, social, an industrial revolution at home (See Meiji Restoration) an emerged as ane o the great pouers on the warld stage.

A detailed accoont o the state funeral in the New York Times concludit wi an observation: "The contrast atween that which precedit the funeral caur an that which followe it wis strikin indeed. Afore it went auld Japan; efter it came new Japan."[1]


  1. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9D05E3DB1F3CE633A25750C1A9669D946396D6CF "The Funeral Ceremonies of Meiji Tenno" reprinted from the Japan Advertiser [Article 8—No Title],] New York Times. 13 October 1912.