Electronic Mail (email or e-mail) is a method o excheengin messages ("mail") atween fowk uising electronic devices. Email first entered leemitit uise in the 1960s an bi the mid-1970s haed taken the form nou recognized as email. Email operates athort computer networks, that the day is primarily the Internet. Some early email seestems required the author an the recipient tae baith be online at the same time, in common wi instant messagin. The day's email seestems are based on a store-an-forwart model. Email servers accept, forwart, deliver, an store messages. Naither the uisers or thair computers are required tae be online simultaneously; thay need tae connect anly briefly, teepically tae a mail server or a webmail interface, for as lang as it taks tae send or receive messages.

This screenshot shaws the "Inbox" page o an email seestem, whaur uisers can see new emails an tak actions, sic as readin, deletimn, saufin, or responding tae thir messages

Oreeginally an ASCII text-anly communications medium, Internet email wis extendit bi Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) tae cairy text in ither chairacter sets an multimedia content attachments. Internaitional email, wi internaitionalised email addresses uisin UTF-8, haes been staundartised, but as o 2017 it haes nae been widely adoptit.[1]

The history o modren Internet email services reaches back tae the early ARPANET, wi staundarts for encodin email messages published as early as 1973 (RFC 561). An email message sent in the early 1970s leuks verra seemilar tae a basic email sent the day. Email haed an important role in creautin the Internet,[2] an the conversion frae ARPANET tae the Internet in the early 1980s produced the core o the current services.


  1. "DataMail: World's first free linguistic email service supports eight India languages". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2016-10-22. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  2. (Partridge 2008)