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The early Muslim conquests (Arabic: الفتوحات الإسلامية‎, al-Futūḥāt al-Islāmiyya) an aa referred tae as the Arab conquests[2] and early Islamic conquests[3] began wi the Islamic Prophet Muhammad in the 7t century. He established a new unified polity in the Arabian Peninsula which unner the subsequent Rashidun an Umayyad Caliphates saw a century o rapid expansion.

Early Muslim conquests
Map of expansion of Caliphate.svg
Expansion frae 622–750, wi modren borders owerlaid
LocationLevant, Mesopotamie, Persie, North Africae, Iberie, Gaul, Transoxania, Sindh an Caucasus

Islamic expansion:

  unner Muhammad, 622–632
  unner Rashidun caliphs, 632–661
  unner Umayyad caliphs, 661–750
Commanders an leaders