Early Muslim conquests

The early Muslim conquests (Arabic: الفتوحات الإسلامية‎, al-Futūḥāt al-Islāmiyya) an aa referred tae as the Arab conquests[2] and early Islamic conquests[3] began wi the Islamic Prophet Muhammad in the 7t century. He established a new unified polity in the Arabian Peninsula which unner the subsequent Rashidun an Umayyad Caliphates saw a century o rapid expansion.

Early Muslim conquests
Map of expansion of Caliphate.svg
Expansion frae 622–750, wi modren borders owerlaid
LocationLevant, Mesopotamie, Persie, North Africae, Iberie, Gaul, Transoxania, Sindh an Caucasus

Islamic expansion:

  unner Muhammad, 622–632
  unner Rashidun caliphs, 632–661
  unner Umayyad caliphs, 661–750
Commanders an leaders




  • Donner, Fred M. (2014). The Early Islamic Conquests. Princeton University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Hoyland, Robert G. (2014). In God's Path: The Arab Conquests and the Creation of an Islamic Empire. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-991636-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Kennedy, Hugh (2007). The Great Arab Conquests: How the Spread of Islam Changed the World We Live in. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-81740-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Kaegi, Walter E. (1995). Byzantium and the Early Islamic Conquests. Cambridge University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)