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Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease

Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (/ˈkrɔɪtsfɛlt ˈjɑːkb/ KROITS-felt YAH-kohb)[1] or CJD is a degenerative neurological disease that is incurable an invariably fatal.[3] CJD is at times cried a human form o mad cow disease (bovine spongiform encephalopathy or BSE).[4]

Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease
VCJD Tonsil.jpg
Biopsy o the tonsil in variant CJD. Prion protein immunostainin.
Specialty Neurology, psychiatry
Symptoms Early: memory problems, behavioural chynges, puir coordination, veesual disturbances[2]
Later: dementia, involuntary muivements, blindness, weakness, coma[2]
Uisual onset Aroond 60[2]
Teeps Sporadic, hereditary, acquired[2]
Causes Prion[2]
Diagnostic method Efter rulin oot ither possible causes[2]
Seemilar condeetions Encephalitis, chronic meningitis, Huntington’s disease, Alzheimer's disease[2]
Treatment Supportive care[2]
Prognosis 90% die within a year o diagnosis[2]
Frequency 1 per million per year[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 "Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Fact Sheet | National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke". NINDS. March 2003. Archived frae the oreeginal on 4 July 2017. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  3. "CJD (Creutzfeldt–Jakob Disease, Classic)". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2008-02-26. Retrieved 2009-06-20. 
  4. VeriMed Healthcare Network, reviewed by: David C. Dugdale, Luc Jasmin,David Zieve (2011-09-26). "Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease: Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy; vCJD; CJD; Jacob-Creutzfeldt disease". U.S. National Library of Medicine. Retrieved 2012-04-25.