The Chongzhen Emperor (simplifeed Cheenese: 崇祯; traditeeonal Cheenese: 崇禎; pinyin: Chóngzhēn; 6 Februar 1611 – 25 Apryle 1644), personal name Zhu Youjian (simplifeed Cheenese: 朱由检; traditeeonal Cheenese: 朱由檢; pinyin: Zhū Yóujiǎn), wis the 16t an last emperor o the Ming dynasty in Cheenae, ringin frae 1627–1644. "Chongzhen," the era name o his ring, means "honourable an auspicious."

Chongzhen Emperor
Ming Chongzhen.jpg
16t Emperor o the Ming dynasty
Ring2 October 1627 – 25 Apryle 1644
Coronation2 October 1627
PredecessorTianqi Emperor
SuccessorHongguang Emperor (o the Soothren Ming)
Born6 Februar 1611(1611-02-06)
Forbidden Ceety, Beijing, Ming dynasty
Dee'd25 Apryle 1644(1644-04-25) (aged 33)
Jingshan, Beijing, Ming dynasty
BuirialMing tombs, Beijing, Cheenae
SpouseEmpress Zhuangliemin
Noble Consort Gongshu
Noble Consort Yuan
Consort Shun
Consort Shen
Consort Wang[1]
Consort Wang[2]
Consort Liu
Consort Fang
IssueZhu Cilang, Croun Prince Xianmin
Zhu Cixuan, Prince Yin o Huai
Zhu Cijiong, Prince Ai o Ding
Zhu Cizhao, Prince Dao o Yong
Zhu Cihuan, Prince Ling o Ding
Zhu Cican, Prince Huai o Dao
Prince Liang of Dao
Princess Kunyi
Zhu Meichuo, Princess Changping
Princess Zhaoren
Full name
Faimily name: Zhu (朱)
Given name: Youjian (由檢)
Era name and dates
Chongzhen (崇禎): 5 February 1628 – 25 April 1644
Posthumous name
Emperor Zhaotian Yidao Gangming Kejian Kuiwen Fenwu Dunren Maoxiao Lie
紹天繹道剛明恪儉揆文奮武敦仁懋孝烈皇帝
Temple name
Ming Sizong (明思宗)[3]
HooseHouse of Zhu
FaitherTaichang Emperor
MitherEmpress Dowager Xiaochun

ReferencesEedit

  1. Different frae the ablo
  2. DIfferent frae the abuin
  3. In 1644, Zhu Yousong, wha haed proclaimed himsel the Hongguang Emperor o the Soothren Ming dynasty, gae the Chongzhen Emperor the temple name "Sizong". In historical texts, "Sizong" is the maist common temple name o the Chongzhen Emperor, iven tho the Soothren Ming rulers haed cheenged "Sizong" tae "Yizong" (毅宗) an than tae "Weizong" (威宗). In the Qing dynasty, the Chongzhen Emperor's temple name was changed to "Huaizong" (懷宗).