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The Caspian Sea (Roushie: Каспийское море, Azerbaijani: Xəzər dənizi, Kazakh: Каспий теңізі, [دریای خزر Daryā-i Xazar, دریای مازندران Daryā-i Māzandarān] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help), Turkmen: Hazar deňizi, Georgie: კასპიის ზღვა) is the lairgest enclosed inland body o watter on Yird bi aurie, variously classed as the warld's lairgest loch or a full-fledged sea.[2][3] The sea haes a surface aurie o 371,000 km2 (143,200 sq mi) (nae includin Garabogazköl Aylagy) an a volume o 78,200 km3 (18,800 cu mi).[4] It is in an endorheic basin (it haes no outflows) an locatit atween Europe an Asie.[5]

Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea from orbit.jpg
The Caspian Sea as captured bi the MODIS on the orbitin Terra satellite, Juin 2003
Coordinates41°40′N 50°40′E / 41.667°N 50.667°E / 41.667; 50.667Coordinates: 41°40′N 50°40′E / 41.667°N 50.667°E / 41.667; 50.667
TeepEndorheic, Saline, Permanent, Natural
Primary inflowsVolga River, Ural River, Kura River, Terek River Heestorically: Amu Darya
Primar ootflowsEvaporation
Catchment aurie362,600 km2 (140,000 sq mi)[1]
Basin kintrasAzerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Roushie, Turkmenistan Heestorically an aa Uzbekistan
Max. lenth1,030 km (640 mi)
Max. weenth435 km (270 mi)
Surface aurie371,000 km2 (143,200 sq mi)
Average deepth211 m (690 ft)
Max. deepth1,025 m (3,360 ft)
Watter vollum78,200 km3 (18,800 cu mi)
Residence time250 years
Shore lenth17,000 km (4,300 mi)
Surface elevation−28 m (−92 ft)
Islands26+
SettlementsBaku (Azerbaijan), Rasht (Iran), Aktau (Kazakhstan), Makhachkala (Russia), Türkmenbaşy (Turkmenistan)
References[1]
1 Shore lenth is nae a weel-defined meisur.

ReferencesEedit

  1. 1.0 1.1 van der Leeden, Troise, and Todd, eds., The Water Encyclopedia. Second Edition. Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, 1990, p. 196.
  2. "Caspian Sea - Background". Caspian Environment Programme. 2009. Retrieved 11 September 2012. 
  3. "ESA: Observing the Earth – Earth from Space: The southern Caspian Sea". ESA.int. Retrieved 2007-05-25. 
  4. Lake Profile: Caspian Sea. LakeNet.
  5. "Caspian Sea".