Wei (220–266), an aw kent as Cao Wei, wis ane o the three major states that competit for supremacy ower Cheenae in the Three Kinricks period (220–280).


The territories o Cao Wei (in yellae), 262 AD.
The territories o Cao Wei (in yellae), 262 AD.
CaipitalXuchang (220-226),[1] Luoyang (226-266)
Common leidsAuld Cheenese
Taoism, Confucianism, Cheenese fowk releegion
• 220–226
Cao Pi
• 226–239
Cao Rui
• 239–254
Cao Fang
• 254–260
Cao Mao
• 260–266
Cao Huan
Historical eraThree Kinricks
• Abdication o Emperor Xian o Han
11 December 220[2][3]
• Eastern Wu declarin unthirldom frae Wei
• Cao Wei conquers Shu Han
• Abdication o Cao Huan
4 Februar 266[lower-alpha 1]
• 260
4,432,881 (disputit)[5][lower-alpha 2]
CurrencyCheenese coin, Cheenese cash (Wu Zhu)
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Eastern Han
Western Jin
The day pairt oCheenae
North Korea
Vietnam (221-222—throu Eastren Wu vassalage;[8][9] 263-266)
Cao Wei
Traditional Chinese曹魏
Simplified Chinese曹魏
Hanyu PinyinCáo Wèi


  1. Cao Huan abdicatit on the renxu (壬戌) day o the 12t month in the 1st year o the Taishi era o the ring o Emperor Wu o Jin.[4] This date corresponds to 4 Februar 266 in the Gregorian calendar.
  2. This feegur, based on nummers gien in the Sanguozhi, haes been cried intae quaisten syne the census seestem is claimed tae hae been flawed. The actual population is likely tae be faur greater.[6] Tanner (2009) estimates the population o Wei tae be ower ⅔ o the Han population.[7]


  1. Spring, first month (Feb. 15 - Mar. 15). The Emperor wis aboot tae come to Xu-chang whan the sooth gate o Xu-chang collapsed frae some unexplained cause. The Emperor wis displeased at this an did nae enter the ceety.

    Chronicles o the Three Kinricks, Achilles Fang.

  2. In the tent month o 220 (November), various meenisters proponed that Cao Pi replace Liu Xie as the emperor, citin various astrological signs. On November 25, Liu Xie performed various ceremonies in preparation for abdicatin the throne. On December 11, Liu Xie formally abdicatit the throne an Cao Pi ascendit as the new emperor.

    Chronicles o the Three Kinricks, Achilles Fang.

  3. On 11 December Cao Cao's son an successor Cao Pi received the abdication o the Han Emperor an teuk the imperial teetle for himsel, wi a new ring period Huangchu "Yellae Beginnin," named in honour o the new Pouer o Yellae an Yird haed been foretauld shoud succeed tae the Reid an Fire of Han. (Cf. note 84 to Jian'an 24.)

    To Establish Peace, Rafe de Crespigny.

  4. ([泰始元年]十二月,壬戌,魏帝禪位于晉;) Zizhi Tongjian vol. 79.
  5. Zou Jiwan (Cheenese: 鄒紀萬), Zhongguo Tongshi - Weijin Nanbeichao Shi 中國通史·魏晉南北朝史, (1992).
  6. Institute of Advanced Studies (December 1991). Barme, Gerome (ed.). Easy Asian History: THE CONTINUATION OF Papers on Far Eastern History (PDF) (Number 2 ed.). Canberra, Australia: Australian National University. pp. 149–152. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  7. Tanner, Harold M. (13 March 2009). "Chapter 5: The Age of Warriors and Buddhists". China: A History. Hackett Publishing. p. 142. When it was established, Wu had only one-sixth of the population of the Eastern Han Empire (Cao Wei held over two-thirds of the Han population). |access-date= requires |url= (help)

  8. In the eighth month of 221, Sun Quan sent ambassadors to Wei declaring himself a subject of Cao Pi’s state

    Zizhi Tongjian, Sima Guang.

  9. Eighth month (Sept. 5 - Oct. 3). Sun Quan sent an envoy to declare himself the subject of the Wei

    Chronicles of the Three Kingdoms, Achilles Fang.