In quantum mechanics, a boson is a pairticle that follaes Bose–Einstein stateestics. Bosons mak up ane o the twa clesses o pairticles, the ither bein fermions.[1]


  1. Carroll, Sean (2007) Dark Matter, Dark Energy: The Dark Side of the Universe, Guidebook Part 2 p. 43, The Teaching Company, ISBN 1598033506 "...boson: A force-carrying particle, as opposed tae a matter particle (fermion). Bosons can be piled on top of each other without limit. Examples include photons, gluons, gravitons, weak bosons, and the Higgs boson. The spin of a boson is always an integer, such as 0, 1, 2, and so on..."