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Berliners watch a Douglas C-54 Skymaster laund at Tempelhof Airport, 1948

The Berlin Blockade (24 Juin 1948 – 12 Mey 1949) wis ane o the first major internaitional crises o the Cauld War. During the multinaitional occupation o post–Warld War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Wastren Allies' railway, road, an canal access tae the sectors o Berlin unner Wastren control. The Soviets offered tae drop the blockade if the Wastren Allies widrew the newly introduced Deutsche mark frae Wast Berlin.

In response, the Wastren Allies organised the Berlin airlift tae carry supplies tae the fowk o Wast Berlin, a difficult feat gien the city's population.[1][2] Aircrews frae the Unitit States Air Force, the Breetish Ryal Air Force, the Ryal Canadian Air Force, the Ryal Australie Air Force, the Ryal New Zealand Air Force, an the Sooth African Air Force[3]:338 flew ower 200,000 flichts in ane year, providin tae the Wast Berliners up tae 8,893 tons o necessities each day, such as fuel an fuid.[4] The Soviets didna disrupt the airlift for fear this micht lead tae open conflict.[5]

Bi the ware o 1949, the airlift wis clearly succeedin, an bi Aprile it wis deliverin mair cargo nor haed previously been transportit intae the ceety bi rail. On 12 Mey 1949, the USSR liftit the blockade o Wast Berlin. The Berlin Blockade served tae heichlicht the competin ideological an economic veesions for postwar Europe.

ReferencesEedit

  1. Journey Across Berlin (1961). Universal Newsreel. 1957. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  2. Air Force Story, The – Cold War, 1948–1950 (1953). Universal Newsreel. 1953. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  3. "5 – National Security". South Africa: a country study (pdf). Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. 1997. ISBN 0-8444-0796-8. 
  4. Nash, Gary B. "The Next Steps: The Marshall Plan, NATO, and NSC-68." The American People: Creating a Nation and a Society. New York: Pearson Longman, 2008. P 828.
  5. Michael Laird, "Wars averted: Chanak 1922, Burma 1945–47, Berlin 1948." The Journal of Strategic Studies (1996) 19#3 pp: 343-364.