In medieval Gaelic an Breetish cultur a bard wis a profeesional poet, employed bi a patron, such as a monarch or nobleman, to commemorate the patron's ancestors and to praise the patron's own activities.
Oreeginally a specific cless o poet, contrastin wi anither cless kent as fili in Ireland an Hieland Scotland, the term "bard", wi the decline o livin bardic tradition in the modren period, acquired generic meanins o an epic author/sangster/narrator, comparable wi the terms in ither culturs (minstrel, skald, scop, rhapsode, udgatar, griot, ashik) or ony poets, especially famous anes. For example, William Shakespeare is kent as the Bard or the Bard o Avon. The muisical an poetic tradeetions are maist strangly perpetuatit in Wales an elsewhaur bi the Gorsedd o bards an throu the National Eisteddfod of Wales (Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru).
- Oxford Dictionary of English