Athanasius Kircher's cairt o Atlantis, placin it in the middle o the Atlantic Ocean, frae Mundus Subterraneus 1669, published in Amsterdam. The cairt is orientit wi sooth at the tap.

Atlantis (Auncient Greek: Ἀτλαντὶς νῆσος, "island o Atlas") is a feectional island mentioned within an allegory on the hubris o naitions in Plato's warks Timaeus an Critias,[1] whaur it represents the antagonist naval pouer that besieges "Auncient Athens", the pseudo-historic embodiment o Plato's ideal state in The Republic. In the story, Athens repels the Atlantean attack unlik ony ither naition o the kent warld,[2] supponedly giein testament tae the superiority o Plato's concept o a state.[3][4] The story concludes wi Atlantis fawin oot o favour wi the deities an submergin intae the Atlantic Ocean.


  1. Hale, John R. (2009). Lords of the Sea: The Epic Story of the Athenian Navy and the Birth of Democracy. New York: Penguin. p. 368. ISBN 978-0-670-02080-5. Plato also wrote the myth of Atlantis as an allegory of the archetypal thalassocracy or naval power.
  2. Plato's contemporaries picturt the warld as consistin o anerly Europe, Northren Africae, an Wastren Asie (see the map o Hecataeus o Miletus). Atlantis, accordin tae Plato, haed conquered aw Wastren pairts o the kent warld, makkin it the leeterar coonter-eemage o Persia. See Welliver, Warman (1977). [Atlantis at Google Books Character, Plot and Thought in Plato's Timaeus-Critias] Check |url= value (help). Leiden: E.J. Brill. p. 42. ISBN 978-90-04-04870-6.
  3. Hackforth, R. (1944). "The Story of Atlantis: Its Purpose and Its Moral". Classical Review. 58 (1): 7–9. doi:10.1017/s0009840x00089356. JSTOR 701961.
  4. David, Ephraim (1984). "The Problem of Representing Plato's Ideal State in Action". Riv. Fil. 112: 33–53.