Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek[note 1] (/ˈlvənhʊk/, Dutch: [ɑnˈtoːni vɑn ˈleːuə(n)ˌɦuk] ( listen); October 24, 1632 – August 26, 1723) wis a Dutch tradesman an scientist.

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Jan Verkolje - Antonie van Leeuwenhoek.jpg
Portrait o Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632–1723) bi Jan Verkolje
Born24 October 1632(1632-10-24)
Delft, Dutch Republic
Died26 August 1723(1723-08-26) (aged 90)
Delft, Dutch Republic
Scientific career
FieldsMicroscopist an Biologist
SignaturAntonie van Leeuwenhoek Signature.svg


  1. The spellin o Leeuwenhoek's name is exceptionally varied. He wis christened as Thonis, but always went bi Antonj (correspondin wi the Inglis/Scots Antony). The final j o his gien name is the Dutch lang i. Til 1683 he consistently uised the spellin Antonj Leeuwenhoeck (endin in –eck) when signin his letters. Throuoot the mid-1680s he experimentit wi the spellin o his name, an efter 1685 settled on the maist recognised spellin van Leeuwenhoek.[1]


  1. Dobell, pp. 300–305.