An airport is an aerodrome wi extendit facilities, maistly for commercial air transport.[1][2] Airports eften hae facilities tae store an mainteen aircraft, an a control touer. An airport consists o a laundin aurie, that comprises an aerially accessible appen space includin at least ane operationally active surface sic as a runwey for a plane tae tak aff[3] or a helipad,[4] an eften includes adjacent utility biggins sic as control touers, hangars[5] an terminals. Lairger airports mey hae fixed-base operator services, airport aprons, taxiwey brigs, air traffeck control centres, passenger facilities sic as restaurants an loonges, an emergency services.

Sample infrastructur o a teepical airport. Lairger airports uisually conteen mair runways an terminals.

An airport wi a helipad for rotorcraft but na runwey is cried a heliport. An airport for uise bi seaplanes an amphibious aircraft is cried a seaplane base. Sic a base teepically includes a stretch o appen watter for takaffs an laundins, an seaplane docks for tyin-up.

An internaitional airport haes addeetional facilities for customs an passport control as weel as incorporatin aw o the aforementioned elements abuin. Sic airports rank amang the maist complex an lairgest o aw biggit teepologies wi 15 o the tap 50 biggins bi fluir aurie bein airport terminals.

In warfare, airports can acome the focus o intense fechtin, for ensaumple the Battle o Tripoli Airport or the Battle for Donetsk Airport, baith takkin place in 2014. An aerodrome primarily for militar uise is cried an airbase (or "Air Base") or air station.


  1. Wragg, D.; Historical dictionary of aviation, History Press 2008.
  2. "Airport – Definition of airport by Merriam-Webster". Retrieved 1 September 2015.
  3. "Runway – Definition of runway by Merriam-Webster". Retrieved 1 September 2015.
  4. "Helipad – Definition of helipad by Merriam-Webster". Retrieved 1 September 2015.
  5. "Hangar – Definition of hangar by Merriam-Webster". Retrieved 1 September 2015.