An acropolis (Auncient Greek: ἀκρόπολις, tr. Akrópolis; frae ákros (άκρος) or ákron (άκρον) "heichest, tapmaist, ootermaist" an pólis "ceety"; plural in Scots: acropoles, acropoleis or acropolises)[1][2] is a settlement, especially a citadel, biggit upon an aurie o elevatit grund—frequently a hill wi precipitous sides, chuisen for purposes o defence. In mony pairts o the warld, acropoleis acame the nuclei o lairge ceeties o clessical antiquity, such as auncient Roum, an for this raison thay are whiles prominent laundmerks in modren ceeties wi auncient pasts, sic as modren Roum.

The Acropolis o Athens as seen frae Moont Lycabettus
The widdit Hill o the Nymphs is hauf-veesible on its richt, and Philopappos Hill on the left, immediately behind. The Philopappos Monument staunds whaur, in the distant backgrund, the coast o Peloponnese meet the watters o the Saronic Gulf.


  1. Harper, Douglas. "acropolis". Online Etymology Dictionary.
  2. acropolis, akros, akron. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project.