Open main menu

Academy Awaird for Best Director

The Academy Awaird for Baist Directin (Baist Director), uisually kent as the Baist Director Oscar, is ane o the Awairds o Merit presentit bi the Academy o Motion Pictur Airts an Sciences (AMPAS) tae directors workin in the motion pictur industry. While nominations for Baist Director are made bi members in the Academy's Directin branch, the awaird winners are selectit bi the Academy membership as a whole.

Academy Awaird for Best Director
Guillermo del Toro in 2017.jpg
Current recipient: Guillermo del Toro
Awairdit for Excellence in Cinematic Direction Achievement
Kintra Unitit States
Presentit bi Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS)
First awairdit 1929 (for direction in films released during the 1927/1928 film saison)
Currently held bi Guillermo del Toro
The Shape of Water (2017)
Offeecial wabsteid oscars.org

Winners an nomineesEedit

In the follaein table, the years are leetit as per Academy convention, an generally correspond tae the year o film release in Los Angeles Coonty, Californie; the ceremonies are always held the follaein year.[1] For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned twal months frae August 1 tae Julie 31.[2] For the 6t ceremony held in 1934, the eligibility period lastit frae August 1, 1932 tae December 31, 1933.[2] Syne the 7t ceremony held in 1935, the period o eligibility acame the full previous calendar year frae Januar 1 tae December 31.[2]

Table key
  Indicates the winner
 
Frank Borzage wan in the "Dramatic" category at the first ceremony.
 
Lewis Milestone wan in the "Comedy" category at the first ceremony an later received a seicont awaird for All Quiet on the Western Front.
 
John Ford haes the maist Best Director wins wi fower, winnin in 1935, 1940, 1941, and 1952.
 
Billy Wilder (richt) wis nominatit aicht times, winnin twice.
 
John Huston received the awaird in 1948 for The Treasure of the Sierra Madre.
 
George Stevens wan twice, five years apart, for A Place in the Sun an Giant.
 
David Lean wan for The Bridge on the River Kwai an Lawrence of Arabia an wis nominatit for five ither films.
 
Robert Wise earned twa awairds in this category, co-winnin for West Side Story an winnin for The Sound of Music.
 
George Cukor wan in 1964 for My Fair Lady.
 
Mike Nichols (richt) wan for 1967's The Graduate.
 
Bob Fosse (left) wan for his direction o Cabaret in 1972.
 
Woody Allen received seiven nominations in the category, winnin anly ance (for Annie Hall).
 
Warren Beatty wan in 1981 for directin Reds.
 
Richard Attenborough wan in 1982 for his epic biopic, Gandhi.
 
James L. Brooks wan for his 1983 film Terms of Endearment.
 
Oliver Stone earned twa awairds in this category in the 1980s—ane for Platoon (1986), an the ither for Born on the Fourth of July (1989).
 
Bernardo Bertolucci wan as director o The Last Emperor in 1987.
 
Kevin Costner earned the awaird in 1990 for directin Dances with Wolves.
 
Clint Eastwood wan in 1992 for Unforgiven an acame the auldest director tae win in the category wi Million Dollar Baby in 2004.
 
Robert Zemeckis won for his direction o Forrest Gump (1994).
 
James Cameron received the awaird for Titanic.
 
Sam Mendes wan in 1999 for his directorial debut—American Beauty.
 
Ron Howard, 2001 winner for A Beautiful Mind.
 
Roman Polanski wan in 2002 for his direction o The Pianist.
 
Ang Lee haes wan twice in this category—in 2005 for Brokeback Mountain an in 2012 for Life of Pi.
 
Martin Scorsese haes received aicht nominations for Best Director, but haes anly wan for The Departed in 2006.
 
Kathryn Bigelow is the first an anly woman tae date tae win the awaird. She wan for The Hurt Locker in 2009.
 
Michel Hazanavicius acame the first French director tae win the awaird for his wirk on The Artist.
 
In 2013, Alfonso Cuarón acame the first Mexican director tae win the awaird for his wirk on Gravity.
 
Alejandro G. Iñárritu won this awaird twa years in a row for directin Birdman (2014) an The Revenant (2015).
Year Director(s) Film Ref.
1927/28
(1st)
Frank Borzage (Dramatic)  7th Heaven [3]
Herbert Brenon (Dramatic) Sorrell and Son
King Vidor (Dramatic) The Crowd
Lewis Milestone (Comedy)  Two Arabian Knights
Ted Wilde (Comedy) Speedy
1928/1929
(2nt)
Frank Lloyd  The Divine Lady [4]
Lionel Barrymore Madame X
Harry Beaumont The Broadway Melody
Irving Cummings In Old Arizona
Frank Lloyd Drag
Weary River
Ernst Lubitsch The Patriot
1929/1930
(3rd)
Lewis Milestone  All Quiet on the Western Front [5]
Clarence Brown Anna Christie
Romance
Robert Z. Leonard The Divorcee
Ernst Lubitsch The Love Parade
King Vidor Hallelujah!
1930/1931
(4t)
Norman Taurog  Skippy [6]
Clarence Brown A Free Soul
Lewis Milestone The Front Page
Wesley Ruggles Cimarron
Josef von Sternberg Morocco
1931/1932
(5t)
Frank Borzage  Bad Girl [7]
King Vidor The Champ
Josef von Sternberg Shanghai Express
1932/1933
(6t)
Frank Lloyd  Cavalcade [8]
Frank Capra Lady for a Day
George Cukor Little Women
1934
(7t)
Frank Capra  It Happened One Night [9]
Victor Schertzinger One Night of Love
W. S. Van Dyke The Thin Man
1935
(8t)
John Ford  The Informer [10]
Henry Hathaway The Lives of a Bengal Lancer
Frank Lloyd Mutiny on the Bounty
1936
(9t)
Frank Capra  Mr. Deeds Goes to Town [11]
Gregory La Cava My Man Godfrey
Robert Z. Leonard The Great Ziegfeld
W. S. Van Dyke San Francisco
William Wyler Dodsworth
1937
(10t)
Leo McCarey  The Awful Truth [12]
William Dieterle The Life of Emile Zola
Sidney Franklin The Good Earth
Gregory La Cava Stage Door
William A. Wellman A Star Is Born
1938
(11t)
Frank Capra  You Can't Take It with You [13]
Michael Curtiz Angels with Dirty Faces
Four Daughters
Norman Taurog Boys Town
King Vidor The Citadel
1939
(12t)
Victor Fleming  Gone with the Wind [14]
Frank Capra Mr. Smith Goes to Washington
John Ford Stagecoach
Sam Wood Goodbye, Mr. Chips
William Wyler Wuthering Heights
1940
(13t)
John Ford  The Grapes of Wrath [15]
George Cukor The Philadelphia Story
Alfred Hitchcock Rebecca
Sam Wood Kitty Foyle
William Wyler The Letter
1941
(14t)
John Ford  How Green Was My Valley [16]
Alexander Hall Here Comes Mr. Jordan
Howard Hawks Sergeant York
Orson Welles Citizen Kane
William Wyler The Little Foxes
1942
(15t)
William Wyler  Mrs. Miniver [17]
Michael Curtiz Yankee Doodle Dandy
John Farrow Wake Island
Mervyn LeRoy Random Harvest
Sam Wood Kings Row
1943
(16t)
Michael Curtiz  Casablanca [18]
Clarence Brown The Human Comedy
Henry King The Song of Bernadette
Ernst Lubitsch Heaven Can Wait
George Stevens The More the Merrier
1944
(17t)
Leo McCarey  Going My Way [19]
Alfred Hitchcock Lifeboat
Henry King Wilson
Otto Preminger Laura
Billy Wilder Double Indemnity
1945
(18t)
Billy Wilder  The Lost Weekend [20]
Clarence Brown National Velvet
Alfred Hitchcock Spellbound
Leo McCarey The Bells of St. Mary's
Jean Renoir The Southerner
1946
(19t)
William Wyler  The Best Years of Our Lives [21]
Clarence Brown The Yearling
Frank Capra It's a Wonderful Life
David Lean Brief Encounter
Robert Siodmak The Killers
1947
(20t)
Elia Kazan  Gentleman's Agreement [22]
George Cukor A Double Life
Edward Dmytryk Crossfire
Henry Koster The Bishop's Wife
David Lean Great Expectations
1948
(21st)
John Huston  The Treasure of the Sierra Madre [23]
Anatole Litvak The Snake Pit
Jean Negulesco Johnny Belinda
Laurence Olivier Hamlet
Fred Zinnemann The Search
1949
(22nt)
Joseph L. Mankiewicz  A Letter to Three Wives [24]
Carol Reed The Fallen Idol
Robert Rossen All the King's Men
William A. Wellman Battleground
William Wyler The Heiress
1950
(23rd)
Joseph L. Mankiewicz  All About Eve [25]
George Cukor Born Yesterday
John Huston The Asphalt Jungle
Carol Reed The Third Man
Billy Wilder Sunset Boulevard
1951
(24t)
George Stevens  A Place in the Sun [26]
John Huston The African Queen
Elia Kazan A Streetcar Named Desire
Vincente Minnelli An American in Paris
William Wyler Detective Story
1952
(25t)
John Ford  The Quiet Man [27]
Cecil B. DeMille The Greatest Show on Earth
John Huston Moulin Rouge
Joseph L. Mankiewicz 5 Fingers
Fred Zinnemann High Noon
1953
(26t)
Fred Zinnemann  From Here to Eternity [28]
George Stevens Shane
Charles Walters Lili
Billy Wilder Stalag 17
William Wyler Roman Holiday
1954
(27t)
Elia Kazan  On the Waterfront [29]
Alfred Hitchcock Rear Window
George Seaton The Country Girl
William A. Wellman The High and the Mighty
Billy Wilder Sabrina
1955
(28t)
Delbert Mann  Marty [30]
Elia Kazan East of Eden
David Lean Summertime
Joshua Logan Picnic
John Sturges Bad Day at Black Rock
1956
(29t)
George Stevens  Giant [31]
Michael Anderson Around the World in 80 Days
Walter Lang The King and I
King Vidor War and Peace
William Wyler Friendly Persuasion
1957
(30t)
David Lean  The Bridge on the River Kwai [32]
Joshua Logan Sayonara
Sidney Lumet 12 Angry Men
Mark Robson Peyton Place
Billy Wilder Witness for the Prosecution
1958
(31st)
Vincente Minnelli  Gigi [33]
Richard Brooks Cat on a Hot Tin Roof
Stanley Kramer The Defiant Ones
Mark Robson The Inn of the Sixth Happiness
Robert Wise I Want to Live!
1959
(32nt)
William Wyler  Ben-Hur [34]
Jack Clayton Room at the Top
George Stevens The Diary of Anne Frank
Billy Wilder Some Like It Hot
Fred Zinnemann The Nun's Story
1960
(33rd)
Billy Wilder  The Apartment [35]
Jack Cardiff Sons and Lovers
Jules Dassin Never on Sunday
Alfred Hitchcock Psycho
Fred Zinnemann The Sundowners
1961
(34t)
Robert Wise 
Jerome Robbins 
West Side Story [36]
Federico Fellini La Dolce Vita
Stanley Kramer Judgment at Nuremberg
Robert Rossen The Hustler
J. Lee Thompson The Guns of Navarone
1962
(35t)
David Lean  Lawrence of Arabia [37]
Pietro Germi Divorce Italian Style
Robert Mulligan To Kill a Mockingbird
Arthur Penn The Miracle Worker
Frank Perry David and Lisa
1963
(36t)
Tony Richardson  Tom Jones [38]
Federico Fellini
Elia Kazan America America
Otto Preminger The Cardinal
Martin Ritt Hud
1964
(37t)
George Cukor  My Fair Lady [39]
Michael Cacoyannis Zorba the Greek
Peter Glenville Becket
Stanley Kubrick Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb
Robert Stevenson Mary Poppins
1965
(38t)
Robert Wise  The Sound of Music [40]
David Lean Doctor Zhivago
John Schlesinger Darling
Hiroshi Teshigahara Woman in the Dunes
William Wyler The Collector
1966
(39t)
Fred Zinnemann  A Man for All Seasons [41]
Michelangelo Antonioni Blowup
Richard Brooks The Professionals
Claude Lelouch A Man and a Woman
Mike Nichols Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
1967
(40t)
Mike Nichols  The Graduate [42]
Richard Brooks In Cold Blood
Norman Jewison In the Heat of the Night
Stanley Kramer Guess Who's Coming to Dinner
Arthur Penn Bonnie and Clyde
1968
(41st)
Carol Reed  Oliver! [43]
Anthony Harvey The Lion in Winter
Stanley Kubrick 2001: A Space Odyssey
Gillo Pontecorvo The Battle of Algiers
Franco Zeffirelli Romeo and Juliet
1969
(42nt)
John Schlesinger  Midnight Cowboy [44]
Costa Gavras Z
George Roy Hill Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
Arthur Penn Alice's Restaurant
Sydney Pollack They Shoot Horses, Don't They?
1970
(43rd)
Franklin J. Schaffner  Patton [45]
Robert Altman M*A*S*H
Federico Fellini Fellini Satyricon
Arthur Hiller Love Story
Ken Russell Women in Love
1971
(44t)
William Friedkin  The French Connection [46]
Peter Bogdanovich The Last Picture Show
Norman Jewison Fiddler on the Roof
Stanley Kubrick A Clockwork Orange
John Schlesinger Sunday Bloody Sunday
1972
(45t)
Bob Fosse  Cabaret [47]
John Boorman Deliverance
Francis Ford Coppola The Godfather
Joseph L. Mankiewicz Sleuth
Jan Troell The Emigrants
1973
(46t)
George Roy Hill  The Sting [48]
Ingmar Bergman Cries and Whispers
Bernardo Bertolucci Last Tango in Paris
William Friedkin The Exorcist
George Lucas American Graffiti
1974
(47t)
Francis Ford Coppola  The Godfather Part II [49]
John Cassavetes A Woman Under the Influence
Bob Fosse Lenny
Roman Polanski Chinatown
François Truffaut Day for Night
1975
(48t)
Miloš Forman  One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest [50]
Robert Altman Nashville
Federico Fellini Amarcord
Stanley Kubrick Barry Lyndon
Sidney Lumet Dog Day Afternoon
1976
(49t)
John G. Avildsen  Rocky [51]
Ingmar Bergman Face to Face
Sidney Lumet Network
Alan J. Pakula All the President's Men
Lina Wertmüller Seven Beauties
1977
(50t)
Woody Allen  Annie Hall [52]
George Lucas Star Wars
Herbert Ross The Turning Point
Steven Spielberg Close Encounters of the Third Kind
Fred Zinnemann Julia
1978
(51st)
Michael Cimino  The Deer Hunter [53]
Woody Allen Interiors
Hal Ashby Coming Home
Warren Beatty
Buck Henry
Heaven Can Wait
Alan Parker Midnight Express
1979
(52nt)
Robert Benton  Kramer vs. Kramer [54]
Francis Ford Coppola Apocalypse Now
Bob Fosse All That Jazz
Édouard Molinaro La Cage aux Folles
Peter Yates Breaking Away
1980
(53rd)
Robert Redford  Ordinary People [55]
David Lynch The Elephant Man
Roman Polanski Tess
Richard Rush The Stunt Man
Martin Scorsese Raging Bull
1981
(54t)
Warren Beatty  Reds [56]
Hugh Hudson Chariots of Fire
Louis Malle Atlantic City
Mark Rydell On Golden Pond
Steven Spielberg Raiders of the Lost Ark
1982
(55t)
Richard Attenborough  Gandhi [57]
Sidney Lumet The Verdict
Wolfgang Petersen Das Boot
Sydney Pollack Tootsie
Steven Spielberg E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
1983
(56t)
James L. Brooks  Terms of Endearment [58]
Bruce Beresford Tender Mercies
Ingmar Bergman Fanny and Alexander
Mike Nichols Silkwood
Peter Yates The Dresser
1984
(57t)
Miloš Forman  Amadeus [59]
Woody Allen Broadway Danny Rose
Robert Benton Places in the Heart
Roland Joffé The Killing Fields
David Lean A Passage to India
1985
(58t)
Sydney Pollack  Out of Africa [60]
Héctor Babenco Kiss of the Spider Woman
John Huston Prizzi's Honor
Akira Kurosawa Ran
Peter Weir Witness
1986
(59t)
Oliver Stone  Platoon [61]
Woody Allen Hannah and Her Sisters
James Ivory A Room with a View
Roland Joffé The Mission
David Lynch Blue Velvet
1987
(60t)
Bernardo Bertolucci  The Last Emperor [62]
John Boorman Hope and Glory
Lasse Hallström My Life as a Dog
Norman Jewison Moonstruck
Adrian Lyne Fatal Attraction
1988
(61st)
Barry Levinson  Rain Man [63]
Charles Crichton A Fish Called Wanda
Mike Nichols Working Girl
Alan Parker Mississippi Burning
Martin Scorsese The Last Temptation of Christ
1989
(62nt)
Oliver Stone  Born on the Fourth of July [64]
Woody Allen Crimes and Misdemeanors
Kenneth Branagh Henry V
Jim Sheridan My Left Foot
Peter Weir Dead Poets Society
1990
(63rd)
Kevin Costner  Dances with Wolves [65]
Francis Ford Coppola The Godfather Part III
Stephen Frears The Grifters
Barbet Schroeder Reversal of Fortune
Martin Scorsese Goodfellas
1991
(64t)
Jonathan Demme  The Silence of the Lambs [66]
Barry Levinson Bugsy
Ridley Scott Thelma & Louise
John Singleton Boyz n the Hood
Oliver Stone JFK
1992
(65t)
Clint Eastwood  Unforgiven [67]
Robert Altman The Player
Martin Brest Scent of a Woman
James Ivory Howards End
Neil Jordan The Crying Game
1993
(66t)
Steven Spielberg  Schindler's List [68]
Robert Altman Short Cuts
Jane Campion The Piano
James Ivory The Remains of the Day
Jim Sheridan In the Name of the Father
1994
(67t)
Robert Zemeckis  Forrest Gump [69]
Woody Allen Bullets over Broadway
Krzysztof Kieślowski Three Colors: Red
Robert Redford Quiz Show
Quentin Tarantino Pulp Fiction
1995
(68t)
Mel Gibson  Braveheart [70]
Mike Figgis Leaving Las Vegas
Chris Noonan Babe
Michael Radford Il Postino: The Postman
Tim Robbins Dead Man Walking
1996
(69t)
Anthony Minghella  The English Patient [71]
Joel Coen Fargo
Miloš Forman The People vs. Larry Flynt
Scott Hicks Shine
Mike Leigh Secrets & Lies
1997
(70t)
James Cameron  Titanic [72]
Peter Cattaneo The Full Monty
Atom Egoyan The Sweet Hereafter
Curtis Hanson L.A. Confidential
Gus Van Sant Good Will Hunting
1998
(71st)
Steven Spielberg  Saving Private Ryan [73]
Roberto Benigni Life Is Beautiful
John Madden Shakespeare in Love
Terrence Malick The Thin Red Line
Peter Weir The Truman Show
1999
(72nt)
Sam Mendes  American Beauty [74]
Lasse Hallström The Cider House Rules
Spike Jonze Being John Malkovich
Michael Mann The Insider
M. Night Shyamalan The Sixth Sense
2000
(73rd)
Steven Soderbergh  Traffic [75]
Stephen Daldry Billy Elliot
Ang Lee Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Ridley Scott Gladiator
Steven Soderbergh Erin Brockovich
2001
(74t)
Ron Howard  A Beautiful Mind [76]
Robert Altman Gosford Park
Peter Jackson The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring
David Lynch Mulholland Drive
Ridley Scott Black Hawk Down
2002
(75t)
Roman Polanski  The Pianist [77]
Pedro Almodóvar Talk to Her
Stephen Daldry The Hours
Rob Marshall Chicago
Martin Scorsese Gangs of New York
2003
(76t)
Peter Jackson  The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King [78]
Sofia Coppola Lost in Translation
Clint Eastwood Mystic River
Fernando Meirelles City of God
Peter Weir Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World
2004
(77t)
Clint Eastwood  Million Dollar Baby [79]
Taylor Hackford Ray
Mike Leigh Vera Drake
Alexander Payne Sideways
Martin Scorsese The Aviator
2005
(78t)
Ang Lee  Brokeback Mountain [80]
George Clooney Good Night, and Good Luck
Paul Haggis Crash
Bennett Miller Capote
Steven Spielberg Munich
2006
(79t)
Martin Scorsese  The Departed [81]
Clint Eastwood Letters from Iwo Jima
Stephen Frears The Queen
Paul Greengrass United 93
Alejandro G. Iñárritu Babel
2007
(80t)
Joel Coen 
Ethan Coen 
No Country for Old Men [82]
Paul Thomas Anderson There Will Be Blood
Tony Gilroy Michael Clayton
Jason Reitman Juno
Julian Schnabel The Diving Bell and the Butterfly
2008
(81st)
Danny Boyle  Slumdog Millionaire [83]
Stephen Daldry The Reader
David Fincher The Curious Case of Benjamin Button
Ron Howard Frost/Nixon
Gus Van Sant Milk
2009
(82nt)
Kathryn Bigelow  The Hurt Locker [84]
James Cameron Avatar
Lee Daniels Precious
Jason Reitman Up in the Air
Quentin Tarantino Inglourious Basterds
2010
(83rd)
Tom Hooper  The King's Speech [85]
Darren Aronofsky Black Swan
Joel Coen
Ethan Coen
True Grit
David Fincher The Social Network
David O. Russell The Fighter
2011
(84t)
Michel Hazanavicius  The Artist [86]
Woody Allen Midnight in Paris
Terrence Malick The Tree of Life
Alexander Payne The Descendants
Martin Scorsese Hugo
2012
(85t)
Ang Lee  Life of Pi [87]
Michael Haneke Amour
David O. Russell Silver Linings Playbook
Steven Spielberg Lincoln
Benh Zeitlin Beasts of the Southern Wild
2013
(86t)
Alfonso Cuarón  Gravity [88]
Steve McQueen 12 Years a Slave
Alexander Payne Nebraska
David O. Russell American Hustle
Martin Scorsese The Wolf of Wall Street
2014
(87t)
Alejandro G. Iñárritu  Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) [89]
Wes Anderson The Grand Budapest Hotel
Richard Linklater Boyhood
Bennett Miller Foxcatcher
Morten Tyldum The Imitation Game
2016
(89t)
Damien Chazelle  La La Land [90]
Mel Gibson Hacksaw Ridge
Barry Jenkins Moonlight
Kenneth Lonergan Manchester by the Sea
Denis Villeneuve Arrival
2017
(90t)
Guillermo del Toro  The Shape of Water [91]
Paul Thomas Anderson Phantom Thread
Greta Gerwig Lady Bird
Christopher Nolan Dunkirk
Jordan Peele Get Out

ReferencesEedit

  1. Crouse 2005, p. 257
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Levy 2003, page 52
  3. "The 1st Academy Awards (1929) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  4. "The 2nt Academy Awards Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  5. "The 3rd Academy Awards (1930) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  6. "The 4th Academy Awards (1931) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  7. "The 5th Academy Awards (1932) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  8. "The 6th Academy Awards (1933) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  9. "The 7th Academy Awards (1935) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  10. "The 8th Academy Awards (1936) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  11. "The 9th Academy Awards (1937) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  12. "The 10th Academy Awards (1938) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  13. "The 11th Academy Awards (1939) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  14. "The 12th Academy Awards (1940) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  15. "The 13th Academy Awards (1941) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  16. "The 14th Academy Awards (1942) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  17. "The 15th Academy Awards (1943) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  18. "The 16th Academy Awards (1944) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  19. "The 17th Academy Awards (1945) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  20. "The 18th Academy Awards (1946) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  21. "The 19th Academy Awards (1947) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  22. "The 20th Academy Awards (1948) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  23. "The 21st Academy Awards (1949) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  24. "The 22nd Academy Awards (1950) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  25. "The 23rd Academy Awards (1951) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  26. "The 24th Academy Awards (1952) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  27. "The 25th Academy Awards (1953) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  28. "The 26th Academy Awards (1954) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  29. "The 27th Academy Awards (1955) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  30. "The 28th Academy Awards (1956) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  31. "The 29th Academy Awards (1957) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  32. "The 30th Academy Awards (1958) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  33. "The 31st Academy Awards (1959) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  34. "The 32nd Academy Awards (1960) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  35. "The 33rd Academy Awards (1961) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  36. "The 34th Academy Awards (1962) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  37. "The 35th Academy Awards (1963) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  38. "The 36th Academy Awards (1964) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  39. "The 37th Academy Awards (1965) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  40. "The 38th Academy Awards (1966) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  41. "The 39th Academy Awards (1967) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  42. "The 40th Academy Awards (1968) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  43. "The 41st Academy Awards (1969) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  44. "The 42nd Academy Awards (1970) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  45. "The 43rd Academy Awards (1971) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  46. "The 44th Academy Awards (1972) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  47. "The 45th Academy Awards (1973) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  48. "The 46th Academy Awards (1974) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  49. "The 47th Academy Awards (1975) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  50. "The 48th Academy Awards (1976) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  51. "The 49th Academy Awards (1977) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  52. "The 50th Academy Awards (1978) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  53. "The 51st Academy Awards (1979) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  54. "The 52nd Academy Awards (1980) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  55. "The 53rd Academy Awards (1981) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  56. "The 54th Academy Awards (1982) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  57. "The 55th Academy Awards (1983) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  58. "The 56th Academy Awards (1984) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  59. "The 57th Academy Awards (1985) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  60. "The 58th Academy Awards (1986) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  61. "The 59th Academy Awards (1987) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  62. "The 60th Academy Awards (1988) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  63. "The 61st Academy Awards (1989) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  64. "The 62nd Academy Awards (1990) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  65. "The 63rd Academy Awards (1991) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  66. "The 64th Academy Awards (1992) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  67. "The 65th Academy Awards (1993) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  68. "The 66th Academy Awards (1994) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  69. "The 67th Academy Awards (1995) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  70. "The 68th Academy Awards (1996) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  71. "The 69th Academy Awards (1997) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  72. "The 70th Academy Awards (1998) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  73. "The 71st Academy Awards (1999) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  74. "The 72nd Academy Awards (2000) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  75. "The 73rd Academy Awards (2001) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  76. "The 74th Academy Awards (2002) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  77. "The 75th Academy Awards (2003) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  78. "The 76th Academy Awards (2004) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  79. "The 77th Academy Awards (2005) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  80. "The 78th Academy Awards (2006) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  81. "The 79th Academy Awards (2007) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  82. "The 80th Academy Awards (2008) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  83. "The 81st Academy Awards (2009) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  84. "The 82nd Academy Awards (2010) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  85. "The 83rd Academy Awards (2011) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  86. "The 84th Academy Awards (2012) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  87. "The 85th Academy Awards (2013) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  88. "The 86th Academy Awards (2014) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved April 10, 2014. 
  89. "The 87th Academy Awards (2015) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved January 15, 2015. 
  90. "The 89th Academy Awards (2017) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved January 14, 2017. 
  91. Barnes, Brooks (March 4, 2018). "'The Shape of Water' Wins Best Picture as Oscars Project Diversity". The New York Times. Retrieved March 4, 2018.