Abiogenesis, or informally the oreegin o life,[3][4][5][note 1] is the naitural process bi that life arises frae non-leevin maiter, sic s semple organic compoonds.[6][4][7][8]

The earliest kent life-forms on Yird are putative fossilised microorganisms, foond in hydrothermal vent precipitates, that mey hae leeved as early as 4.28 billion years agae, relatively suin efter the oceans formed 4.41 billion years agae, an nae lang efter the formation o the Yird 4.54 billion years agae.[1][2]


  1. An awoccasionally cried biopoiesis.


  1. Dodd, Matthew S.; Papineau, Dominic; Grenne, Tor; Slack, John F.; Rittner, Martin; Pirajno, Franco; O'Neil, Jonathan; Little, Crispin T. S. (1 Mairch 2017). "Evidence for early life in Earth's oldest hydrothermal vent precipitates". Nature. 543 (7643): 60–64. Bibcode:2017Natur.543...60D. doi:10.1038/nature21377. PMID 28252057. Archived frae the oreeginal on 8 September 2017. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2017. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  2. Zimmer, Carl (1 Mairch 2017). "Scientists Say Canadian Bacteria Fossils May Be Earth's Oldest". The New York Times. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2 Mairch 2017. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2017. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  3. Oparin, Aleksandr Ivanovich (1938). The Origin of Life. Phoenix Edition Series. Translatit bi Morgulis, Sergius (2 ed.). Mineola, New York: Courier Corporation (published 2003). ISBN 9780486495224. Retrieved 2018-06-16.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Peretó, Juli (2005). "Controversies on the origin of life" (PDF). International Microbiology. 8 (1): 23–31. ISSN 1139-6709. PMID 15906258. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 24 August 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-01. Ever since the historical contributions by Aleksandr I. Oparin, in the 1920s, the intellectual challenge of the origin of life enigma has unfolded based on the assumption that life originated on Earth through physicochemical processes that can be supposed, comprehended, and simulated; that is, there were neither miracles nor spontaneous generations. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  5. Compare: Scharf, Caleb; et al. (18 December 2015). "A Strategy for Origins of Life Research". Astrobiology. 15 (12): 1031–1042. Bibcode:2015AsBio..15.1031S. doi:10.1089/ast.2015.1113. PMC 4683543. PMID 26684503. What do we mean by the origins of life (OoL)? [...] Since the early 20th century the phrase OoL has been used to refer to the events that occurred during the transition from non-living to living systems on Earth, i.e., the origin of terrestrial biology (Oparin, 1924; Haldane, 1929). The term has largely replaced earlier concepts such as abiogenesis (Kamminga, 1980; Fry, 2000).
  6. Oparin 1953, p. vi
  7. Warmflash, David; Warmflash, Benjamin (November 2005). "Did Life Come from Another World?". Scientific American. 293 (5): 64–71. Bibcode:2005SciAm.293e..64W. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1105-64. ISSN 0036-8733. According to the conventional hypothesis, the earliest living cells emerged as a result of chemical evolution on our planet billions of years ago in a process called abiogenesis.
  8. Yarus 2010, p. 47